To Make the Deaf Hear.
‘Friends I tell you today that if my marriage takes place in the slave-India, my bride shall be only death. The Baraat will take the form of a funeral procession and the Baraatis will be the martyrs of the country.’ – Bhagat Singh
Sardar Bhagat Singh became a martyr along with Sameep Rajguru and Sukhdev on this day 23 March in 1931 eighty four years ago. He was sentenced to capital punishment for vitriolic rejection of Britishers and his acute hatred towards imperialistic rule of Britishers in India. He was accused of killing Saunders and for exploding a bomb in the Delhi assembly. Now let us take a look at the reasons why he did so and the ideology behind his actions.
Bhagat Singh was a born revolutionary inspired by his uncle who actively took part in the freedom struggle, at a young age of 13 he pledged himself to the cause. As he grew up and began questioning his faith in various beliefs which he saw around himself, he sought companionship of great revolutionary authors of the past like Lenin, Trotsky,Mark, Engels and Bakunin. All these were great philosophers who were also atheist. Bhagat Singh’s own faith in a superpower crumbled and he rigidly adopted atheism. When questioned by one of the inmates when he was serving his sentence before being executed, his reply is most extraordinary-
‘Let us see how steadfast I am. One of my friends asked me to pray. When informed of my atheism; he said “When your last days come, you will begin to believe.” I said, “no,dear sir,never shall it happen. I consider it to be an act of degradation and demoralisation for such petty selfish motives, I shall never pray.”
Readers and friends, is it vanity? If it is, I stand for it.’
– Bhagat Singh (Why I am an Atheist ?)
First time in his life Bhagat Singh was moved by the ideas of the above mentioned revolutionaries. He studied them carefully and sincerely so that he could spread his message to the masses of India when he was being tried in the court. In the prison too his indomitable spirit was always fighting for the rights of his brothers and fellow inmates. He went on a hunger strike to demand basic necessities for inmates like newspapers, books, meeting with relatives etc which lasted for 115 days from June 15, 1929 to Oct 4, 1929. This hunger strike alone was more than all the hunger strikes by Mahatma Gandhi during his years in South Africa and India.
To awaken the masses and ‘to make the deaf hear’, he happily embraces the noose and dies without hesitation or second thoughts,in his own words, ‘It is easy to kill individuals but you cannot kill the idea. Great empires have crumbled while the ideas survived.’ After the Delhi Assembly bomb attack he willingly surrendered himself along with Batukeshwar Dutt because he wanted to show the world that he believed in his cause and was not just another violent revolutionary. He was denied a fair trial and he and his comrades were tortured in jail and brutally beaten up in the courthouse. In spite of this his courage and spirit were never shattered and his fight for freedom grew stronger by the day. In the pamphlets he and Dutt distributed in the Assembly after throwing the harmless noise and smoke bombs, he had emphasised on a world where the stronger would not oppress the weaker and one nation would not kill the sovereignty of the other. The question still stands whether we have thought upon his deeds and his words even after 84 years of his sacrifice.
“Revolution is the inalienable right of the mankind. Freedom is the imprescriptible birthright of all. – Bhagat Singh